Le cannabis is a complex plant, with properties as fascinating as they can be frightening. However, we are only afraid of what we do not know. This is one of the main problems with cannabis, whether it is legal or not. It must be said that with more than 400 chemical components, even the scientific community is sometimes confused by this botanical masterpiece. In addition, there are endless derivative products that end up confusing non-experts. Weedy gather his knowledge of the cannabis sector in one article and draws up a lexicon of cannabis which will allow you to understand it better.
Basics of cannabis glossary: the plant
Cannabis Vs. industrial hemp
Let's start this cannabis lexicon with the species itself. When the word " cannabis », The most chaste ears close. Talk about hemp is however quite common. However, visually, these two plants seem perfectly identical. Little wonder when we know that cannabis means hemp in Latin and that it is sometimes simply called " recreational hemp " The only difference is actually in the leaves and flowers which, in the case of cannabis, will produce a resin rich in THC, the psychoactive molecule of cannabis, banned in many countries.
In the end, cannabis and hemp are a same plant species, which is practical to distinguish in the vocabulary for specify the legality or not of the product.
Le cannabis light simply means a plant whose THC production is naturally low, and generally enters the statutory rate imposed. On the contrary, the production of other molecules, like CBD, is encouraged.
Active ingredients in cannabis
The cannabis plant is made up of many chemical substances, grouped under the name of cannabinoids. Known by scientists since the 1960s, cannabinoids act on the human body by activating the endocannabinoid system which works in particular on our nervous and immune systems. Present in dozens in the plant, cannabinoids are therefore responsible for effects of cannabis on the human body. However, all of them have different effects and not all of them have yet been identified.
Le THC, or Δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol in full version, is certainly the best known cannabinoid. It is indeed renowned for its psychoactive effects that make consumers hover. Also addictive, he is considered amazing by most governments. European law thus capped its rate at 0,2% for authorized plants.
Still unknown to the general public in the mid-2010s, the CBD is now almost as well known as THC. On the contrary, it is a cannabinoid with soothing effects, Non-psychoactive et non-addictive. He is sometimes called legal cannabis or light cannabis.
Components of the cannabis plant
Stems and leaves
Cannabis is an annual plant whose species originate from Central Asia or South Asia. A classic plant consists of a main stem, transporting water and nutrients to the rest of the plant. Of symmetrical leaves to the well-known form then grow in pairs from the main stem or branches. They serve to absorb light, a source of vital energy for the plant.
Depending on the species and the environment in which the plant grows, the flowering happens more or less quickly in the development cycle. The fact remains that, both for recreational and therapeutic use, these are the female plants which are privileged for the production of fleurs. Indeed, if the males are useful for pollination, they are also smaller. Females produce large flowers full of resins which can be dried whole or used for the creation of many other derivative products.
The trichomes are from small vesicles, kinds of hairs, present on the epidermis of the plant, and especially on the heads. They play a fundamental role since they are responsible for the secretion of cannabinoids, but also of terpenes. Tights, they are also full of resin. Common in botany, trichomes are only not only present on hemp and contribute to the protection of many plant species against insects, drying out or UV rays.
Un terpene is a hydrocarbon naturally present in cannabis as well as many other plants. Abundant in resin, the terpenes have the main characteristic of being odorous. It is therefore to them that we owe them so special flavors and aromas of cannabis. There are many different terpenes. Among them, we find borneol (menthol), limonene (citrus notes predominantly lemon / orange), pinene (pine needles), myrcene (earth, musk), beta-caryophyllene (pepper, spices, wood) or linalool (lavender, flowers).
Marijuana, weed, weed
Cannabis has earned a reputation for being smoked in the form of joints. All countries, all cultures and all historical eras are affected by its consumption. It is therefore not surprising that the herb has almost as many names as it does smokers. Among the most widespread, we obviously find the famous marijuana, sometimes spelled marihuana, which evokes the smoking herb from the Indian hemp, meanwhile simply synonymous with ... cannabis. The circle is complete.
The most French-speaking people often speak of Marie-Jeanne. Others prefer to evoke the weed (grass verlan) or weed, English term used for both smoking grass and weeds. Skunk, Sensimilia, ganja, Colombian and many others complete the list.
Kif is a term originating in North Africa designating a mix of tobacco and cannabis herb. Originally, this Arabic term simply means " pleasure ", Or" joy ".
Cannabis resin and pollen
hashish is none other than a term widely used to describe the cannabis resin. Unlike pure grass, hashish (or hash) is obtained by extracting the resin directly from the plant.
Le shit is also a form of resin, with the difference that hashish is supposed to be pure resin. When he is coupe, often with ingredients unknown to the consumer, it is rather called shit.
Le pollen, or skuff, is a finer resin. It is therefore distinguished from hashish by a finer sieving, not letting trichomes and plant debris pass through. The product is less oily than a conventional resin, and therefore more powdery and less sticky.