Cannabis is a complex world and still little known to the general public. With the development of the light cannabis market, generally describing products rich in CBD and low in THC, consumers are however faced with a wide range of products, within which it is Hard to make a choice. One of the arguments put forward is generally the culture mode. Indoor (indoors), outdoor (outdoors) or greenhouse (greenhouse) adorns the label in large letters. What do these different modes of cultivation imply? What are their advantages and disadvantages ? On what to base your purchase? Weedy answers your questions.
How to grow cannabis, how does it work?
Cannabis, or hemp (industrial as well as recreational), is a annual plant requiring precise growing conditions to be able to grow and develop in the best conditions. Indeed, the annual plants have the particularity of having a short life cycle, not exceeding one year. They are thus generally cultivated for their fleurs, which are rapidly maturing. Once the flowering cycle has ended, the species then overwinters as seeds, before giving birth to new plants the following season.
Atwild state, cannabis plants evolve according to the seasons, and therefore environmental and climatic conditions who accompany them. Many factors come into play in their development:
- Light: natural or artificial, but also the number of hours per day.
- Sun: in the ground of course, but also in pots or in alternative growing media such as coconut oraquaponics.
- Air: ventilation or natural breeze.
- Temperaturee: cannabis is sensitive to extreme temperatures.
- nutrients: chemical (fertilizer) or natural (compost).
- Water: quantity, but also quality (pH regulation in particular).
The different ways of growing cannabis will more or less encourage the control of these different elements. That's what's going favor the choice of one or other of the techniques, according to production needs.
Outdoor, the most natural way to grow cannabis
La outdoor cannabis cultivation is the most natural. It is also certainly the most complicated to master, since it largely depends on external conditions. Even more than the cultivator, it is nature outdoors that decides what can happen to a harvest. Depending on the geographic area, not everything is possible. The hot and humid environments thus offer more advantageous ground for sativa, while the dominant varieties indicates better match colder and generally less pleasant environments.
In countries where the climate allows, outdoor culture is certainly The most common. With the development of the light cannabis market, however, it tends to lose ground. Indeed, this new market being legal, it is growing commercially very quickly. Out of a concern for total control of production, outdoor is essential as a risk culture, which some producers are not ready to assume.
However, outdoor cultivation also has some advantages, especially for the consumer who can thus benefit from the qualities of a plant that has grown with a maximum light spectrum. Natural conditions allow you to fully enjoy of the character and genetics of a variety. For the producer, this is also synonymous with more economical production, thanks to a mode of cultivation rather cheaper than its alternatives.
Indoor, absolute control
La indoor culture is certainly the trend most followed by light cannabis producers. The reason for this is simple: the advisability of a Total control on all the factors presented above. If the concept is enticing, it nevertheless implies a expensive and particularly technical process. What naturally balances in the wild is extremely difficult to recreate in an artificial environment as every detail counts. A simple change in the level of CO2 in the air, or the pH in the water, can thus be enough to disrupt the whole machine and ruin a complete harvest.
Indoor culture also has the extreme advantage of allowingavoid wild pollination. This is particularly important in the case of legal cannabis since cannabinoid levels are then more precisely controlled. rate THC is thus kept as low as possible while the rich in CBD on the contrary is encouraged.
Greenhouse (greenhouse): the best of all worlds
Finally, the greenhouse cultivation allows you to take advantage of both the outdoor environment and indoor culture. More protected than in the wild, cannabis plants enjoy the benefits of the sun, while offering the opportunity to limit external aggressions.
Greenhouse cultivation particularly allows deprive plants of light on demand. The natural life cycle of cannabis is indeed monitored by the sun. Plants therefore need different levels of sunshine during growth and flowering. The greenhouse makes it possible to artificially recreate these light phases. The bouquet of terpenes is thus richer, even if it does not equal that of outdoor culture. Finally, and this is a strong argument, theecological footprint is reduced compared to the technical heaviness of indoor growing.
Indoor, outdoor, greenhouse cannabis: which one to buy?
We have seen it, each culture mode has its specificities, which are logically accompanied by advantages and disadvantages. It is not uncommon to read that indoor cannabis is of better quality than outdoor cannabis, with equally clear, and sometimes contradictory, opinions on greenhouse cultivation.
However, nothing is so simple and no type of cannabis is strictly better than another. The choice therefore ultimately comes down to consumer, and depends mainly on two factors : his needs andexperience sought.
Overall, light cannabis grown outdoors is more likely to have been pesticide contact. However, it takes advantage of the richness of nature. On the contrary, indoor culture offers total control but displays a higher ecological cost. Finally, the greenhouse, thanks to the deprivation of light, benefits from exposure to the sun, while encouraging the production of terpenes and cannabinoids.