The cartoon wants the THC be the terrible child of cannabis. The CBD, on the contrary, would be the origin of the benefits that we lend him. Further research actually shows that, despite completely separate effects, differences between CBD and THC are more subtle than it seems.
Cannabinoids, molecules still poorly understood
Le cannabis is at the center of many debates and almost everyone has a clear opinion on its use. Yet it is still poorly known. What we do know is that its molecular structure is complex. At least eighty-five cannabinoids different have already been identified. These are molecules, or more precisely acids, exclusive to the hemp plant. These chemicals are very different from each other act on certain receptors in the human body, causing effects that we know more or less.
Among the most famous cannabinoids, we find of course THC whose full name is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol. It is the most common naturally occurring molecule in c. We owe him in particular his psychoactive effect, that is to say, hovering. In the face of THC, we generally oppose CBD, or cannabidiol. Sometimes nicknamed therapeutic cannabis thanks to its calming effects, it is the second most studied cannabinoid after THC.
Having more perspective on larger-scale research will allow better understand the effects and differences between CBD and THC. The extension of the list of countries authorizing the use of cannabis will allow many new studies to emerge. Many eyes are on this to Canada, the first large western country to have fully legalized cannabis, and, for medical and recreational use.
CBD vs THC: a molecular difference
When we study in detail the molecules of CBD vs THC, we quickly realize that their structure is very close. Their chemical composition is indeed exactly the same. One THC molecule and one CBD molecule each have 21 carbon atoms, 3 hydrogen atoms and two oxygen atoms. The only contradiction, apparently tiny, lies in the arrangement of these atoms among themselves and more particularly the position of a single hydrogen atom. On a human scale, it seems possible to ignore. In fact, the differences caused by the change in position of this atom are immense.
The scientist behind the isolation of the THC molecule is Raphael Mechoulam. A year earlier, in 1963, this Israeli researcher had already succeeded in determine the structure of cannabidiol, then only isolated. Thanks to him and his teams, the differences between CBD and THC could be better understood, especially regarding their respective effects.
The human body has a endocannabinoid system. Identified in the 1990s, it contains two types of receptors: CB-1 and CB-2. The former are present in certain areas of our brain while the others are distributed between our immune system and our nervous system. Because of their molecular difference, THC and CBD do not interact in the same way with these receptors. The differentiation of their effects therefore lies mainly in this small detail.
The different effects between CBD and THC
THC therefore gets us high. It is part of the tetrahydrocannabinols, listed as narcotics and therefore strictly prohibited by law. He is the main responsible for what is called recreational cannabis use, which is totally prohibited by French law.
CBD is said to be a sedative and a sedative. Cannabidiol is indeed a cannabinoid whose certain effects are recognized, but still unknown. This lack of scientifically proven data still places it as an outsider whose apparent benefits are not enough to raise it to the rank of conventional medicine. CBD is not psychoactive, however. and therefore not listed as narcotic. It is therefore not illegal.
The differences between CBD vs THC are therefore mainly manifested in their effects. However, some studies suggest that the two molecules would be more complementary than expected. CBD thus seems to slow down, and even counteract the effects of THC. Its calming effect would, for example, limit the feeling of anxiety sometimes caused by taking tetrahydrocannabinol. These studies, which still require further study, even seem to show that CBD limit the feeling of addiction and could, in the right dosage, act as substitute for freeing oneself from the feeling of lack. The differences between CBD and THC, instead of opposing them, on the contrary increase their complementarity.
Legal CBD Vs Illegal THC?
Very strict regulation governs the use of THC. In France, its ban is clear and it appears on a list of the various narcotics. However, no addictive action has been recognized in CBD. Cannabidiol is therefore not a narcotic. It does not make a priori dependent and also does not contain toxic substances. However, as with any other plant, it is necessary to ensure its mode of production to avoid contamination from external chemicals such as pesticides.
To say that THC is illegal and CBD is legal is to take a bit of a short cut. At the legal level, however, there are many differences between CBD and THC. European law actually states that plants with a THC content of less than 0,2% are legal plants. It is these same plants, and only them, that allow the creation of CBD products. Products with a high CBD content sold in France can therefore be considered as cannabis without THC. This is what earned CBD its nickname of legal cannabis. Despite a sometimes vague legal framework, the European Union is increasingly interested in issues related to cannabidiol. She would even think about solutions for develop the cannabis sector. Also, today we find CBD without any trace of THC: Cannabis America.
We are therefore at the beginning of the discovery of the possibilities offered by cannabinoids. Scientific research continues to provide answers as to their effects. Legalization of cannabis in certain countries, especially in Canada which authorizes CBD and THC, should enable science to make significant advances in cannabis research.
An interest in combining CBD and THC?
Rather than constantly evoking the match CBD Vs. THC, it can on the contrary be interesting to consider them together, for their specific and complementary properties. But, in this case, would considering the combination of the two cannabinoids rather aim to allow THC toincrease the benefits of CBD or the CBD of limit the disadvantages of THC ? Potentially both.
THC to maximize the effects of CBD
If you are interested in cannabis and its derivatives, you may have heard of cannabis before.entourage effect. Not yet fully understood, it nevertheless seems to imply thata cannabinoid alone is not as effective as a cannabinoid in its natural environment. Thus, CBD alone would have less broad and pronounced effects than when it is accompanied by others. terpenes, flavonoids and cannabinoids found in hemp. This logically includes THC. By combining CBD and THC, the potential for effects would be greater than by consuming only one CBD isolate. However, as we mentioned above, THC is far from having only beneficial effects on the body. Which brings us to our second question.
CBD to limit the disadvantages of THC
On another scale, if THC can potentially encourage the action of CBD, the latter also seems to be able to compensate for some unwanted effects of THC. Specifically, some studies suggest a certain ability of CBD to inhibit or in any case reduce the action of THC on the body, in particular its psychoactive effects and its addictive nature. It is for this reason, among other things, that CBD is often recommended to those who want stop smoking cannabis.
Far from encouraging the consumption of THC, the entourage effect and the complementarity of the two cannabinoids, however, encourage Rethinking the CBD Vs. THC Debate, a debate that will perhaps emerge in the public sphere when considering medical cannabis in France.
To conclude: CBD Vs. THC
|Origin||Cannabis sativa||Cannabis sativa|
|Maximum authorized rate||100% (concentrated)||0,2% (expected change to 0,3%)|
|Main effects||Relaxation, muscle relaxation, stress reduction, reduction of certain pains||High, euphoria, relaxation, hunger, anxiety, short-term memory impairment|
|Main products||CBD oil, resins and pollens, CBD e-liquids, CBD flowers, hemp infusions||Weed, hashish|
|Main uses||Local application, oral intake, spraying, infusion||Seals, food|
|Wanted by screening tests (saliva, blood, urine).||No||Yes|