It's hard to talk about cannabis subspecies precisely. In fact, depending on the period, the cultures, or even the various scientific studies interested in it, the definitions vary, as does the number of distinct species and subspecies. Since the beginning of the XNUMXst century, most of the resources of authority seem to agree on the existence ofa common species, divided into different subspecies. Families indica or sativa are the best known, but not the only ones. We would thus distinguish 4 cannabis subspecies main, which we present to you here in detail.
One family, different cannabis subspecies
The main plants of the genus cannabis can all be grouped into a single species: cannabis sativa L. Within this species, it is then possible to distinguish different subspecies. In the case of cannabis, this distinction is made on the basis of phenotype : The physical characteristics Plant.
Le phenotype is therefore manifested by visible specificities, observable with the naked eye. It is based on the genotype plants, grouping together genetic data characterizing each plant. Concretely, the different cannabis subspecies are mainly determined by elements such as the plant size leaf shape or againphysical appearance of flowers. Combined, these characteristics make it possible to classify a plant in the corresponding cannabis subspecies: afghanica, ruderalis, indica or sativa.
Sativa: cultivated hemp
The plants of c, or cultivated hemp, are from equatorial regions like Jamaica. Used to heat, sativa is a tall plant which easily reaches several meters in height (up to 6 meters), and in just a few months. It is also distinguished by long, thin leaves.
In industry, sativa is particularly appreciated by the strength of its fibers, which can be used in fields as varied as construction, cosmetics or stationery. Its fibers also form an excellent raw material for weaving ropes or fabrics.
When consumed, it is known for its psychotropic effects and high natural THC content. We then lend him euphoric effects, giving his consumer a high dose of energy. It is thus often preferred for a daytime use since she acts directly on the brain. It motivates, excites and encourages creativity. The Diesel Jack Herrer, Amnesia and the Haze are among the famous sativa varieties.
Through the selection and reproduction of plants with low THC content and high concentration of CBD, there are now perfectly legal sativa plants in France, Belgium, Luxembourg and the rest of Europe. These EU approved plants are used in particular as industrial hemp or at the origin of products offered by Weedy.
Indica: Indian hemp
Unlike sativa, the indica cannabis, or Indian hemp comes straight from us Himalayan regions of northern India who gave it its name. Far from being distinguished only by its geographical origin, it takes the form of low, bushy plants, often bushy. With some leaves also wide, it rarely exceeds 3 meters and is therefore easily recognizable in direct comparison with the indica. In addition, she blooms faster and is generally more fertile, which generally makes it first choice of amateur growers.
Indica is to the night what sativa is to the day. Renowned for its pronounced psychotropic effects, the indica acts primarily on the body. It is therefore popular with consumers who want to relax, soothe their pains ou promote the sleep phase. Indica also has a reputation for stimulate appetite. If sativa causes an effect high, the indica is distinguished on the contrary by a swerve stone, more boring, but also relaxing. Naturally, the indica varieties are also higher in CBD, a cannabinoid known for its calming effects.
Northern Lights, Kush, LA Confidential et Skunk are some examples of famous indica.
Ruderalis: wild hemp
La ruderalis, or wild hemp, is not always considered a full-fledged cannabis subspecies, unlike indica and sativa which are almost systematically presented as the two main families of cannabis. However, the physical differences of ruderalis (spontanea) deserve a special attention.
Originally from East Asia, it is now found in Central and Eastern Europe, where it grows to the state sauvage. It must be said that it more easily resists cold climates than her cousins. Considered a weed, it adapts easily, thanks to its small size. Naturally low in THC (usually no more than 0,5%), it has few psychotropic effects and is frequently used in the creation of hybrids.
Afghanica: Afghan hemp
Theafghanica, or afghan hemp, is a subspecies of cannabis, and more specifically Indian hemp growing mainly in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Close in size to the Ruderalis (about 1,50 meters in height), the afghanica is on the contrary sip of THC, which earned it wide use in production of resin. Its small size disqualifies it from almost any industrial use for its fibers. Afghanica is therefore mainly exploited for the black market.
Hybrids: human creations
The hybrid are cannabis subspecies artificially created by crossing. Plants are first selected for their own characteristics, then reproduced between them in order to obtain new varieties, taking up the specificities so appreciated by parents. Several elements can lead to the selection of a specific plan: its speed or the abundance of its flowering, its cannabinoid contentHis bouquet of terpenes (aromas), its richness in resin, or its resistance to diseases. Thanks to hybridization, it is possible to obtain plants of the same subspecies, but also sativa / indica associations incorporating characteristics of the two families.