What is CBD? Definition
So what is the definition of CBD? What is trivially called cannabis generally refers to a plant with the common name of cultivated hemp or, for botanists, Cannabis sativa. It is a complex plant with components that are still little known. However, we know thatit contains several dozen different cannabinoids.
CBD, or cannabidiol, is one of them but not the only one. Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) or cannabinol (CBN) are also included.
We all have so-called cannabinoid receptors in our brain. This explains the more or less strong actions of the plant cannabinoids present in the hemp plant on the human body. Although it is more and more popular, CBD still remains unknown.
This comprehensive guide gives you its full definition, explains what it really is, its effects, where to get it and how to use it.
CBD (cannabidiol)? Definition
The mystery of the definition of CBD lies in the three letters of its abbreviation. It would indeed be tempting to think that these letters are an acronym, and therefore hide three words. On the contrary, only one term is behind this nickname now in common use: cannabidiol.
According to a purely etymological analysis, the word can be separated into two distinct parts. They both give us valuable information on the definition of CBD. " Cannabi ", the root of the word, is found in cannabis : the plant from which the molecule is extracted.
Un diol is a chemical compound also called glycol. It owes its name to the chemical composition of its molecule, including oxygen and hydrogen atoms, and is illustrated by reactions similar to alcohol molecules. This does not mean, however, that CBD is an alcohol. By definition, CBD is on the contrary only organic molecule extracted from the cannabis plant.
In its natural state, this molecule is present in large quantities in marijuana plants. What we mean by cannabidiol in everyday language however qualifies the molecule once extracted from the plant. In its purest form, it comes in the form of crystals.
Extracted as Essential oil, it logically comes in oily form. It is then very easy to incorporate into another solution. CBD has thus been popularized in particular by the appearance of electronic cigarettes and its use as vape liquid.
Differences between CBD and THC
Well known to the general public, THC is the psychoactive molecule in cannabis. It is therefore she who is responsible for the high effects caused by the consumption of marijuana. CBD, on the contrary, is not a narcotic.
Many varieties of cannabis exist, all of which have different compositions in their natural state. Their THC and CBD rate are therefore also variable. Black market cannabis generally contains a high THC level (on average 15%) while'we are trying to make it disappear in favor of a higher concentration of CBD in legal plants. It is indeed possible to create new varieties of plants corresponding to these criteria by hybridization.
Thanks to its absence of psychoactive effects, CBD therefore makes it possible to benefit from the properties of hemp without losing self-control. That's what earned him his nickname of medical cannabis.
In summary: what is CBD?
CBD is the second most naturally occurring cannabinoid in cannabis, just behind THC. Wanted for its virtuous effects (it would be particularly relaxing, anti-inflammatory and antidepressant), it is totally legal. It does not entail no narcotics, addiction or other notorious side effects.
History of CBD
Although it is now largely controversial, hemp is one of the oldest plants cultivated by humans. In its form Cannabis sativa, this plant was cultivated in the Neolithic period for its medicinal properties and its use as textile fibers. China is clearly the source of the domestication of hemp.
Archaeologists do not all agree on the date, which varies from -10000 to -4000 BC. In any case, the plant has been used for several millennia, both for the manufacture of fabrics and for its therapeutic effects.
Its use has continued over the centuries. However, its composition and the definition of CBD have long remained unknown. Indeed, cannabinoids, molecules present within cannabaceae, were only discovered at the beginning of the XNUMXth century. THC and CBD are the two cannabinoids that directly generated the most research.
Discovery of cannabidiol and other cannabinoids
CBD was reportedly extracted from the hemp plant for the first time around 1940. It was a group of researchers at the University of Illinois who managed to isolate the molecule. At that time, they called the compound toxic and dismissed the idea that it could have positive properties on humans.
It was not until the 60s that studies were carried out on the composition of cannabinoids. It was notably Raphaël Mechoulam, an Israeli researcher, who demonstrated their benefits on certain pathologies. His work has made it possible to reflect on the use of cannabis molecules (CBD, THC) in pharmacology.
For years, many clinical trials have taken place, highlighting the health effects of CBD. Early studies showed its positive effects on anxiety. Then, in the 70s, it was discovered that it had benefits for nausea and pain.
Finally, in the late 90s, researchers discovered that it reduced the degeneration of neurons, which could be useful in research on Alzheimer's disease.
The beginnings of therapeutic cannabis
Some American states (Alaska, Oregon, Washington) then decided to legalize cannabis (CBD and THC) for therapeutic purposes. This has made it possible to find drugs like Sativex on the market, containing the same dosage of THC and CBD.
Indeed, the association of these two molecules makes it possible to increase the benefits of these molecules tenfold and not to create dependency in the patient. This medicinal product is particularly indicated in the treatment of neuropathic pain.
In France, Sativex has had an authorization on the market since 2015, but has not yet been marketed due to difficulties in agreeing on its price. However, this proves how the regulations on cannabis (CBD and THC) have evolved in recent years.
Some countries like Canada have decided to allow it completely. In Europe, Luxembourg has just taken the same direction and becomes the first European country to legalize cannabis.
Effects and benefits of CBD
By definition, CBD is recognized for its anxiolytic and antidepressant properties. It acts on certain receptors linked to pain or anxiety. It also benefits from a positive image since perceived as a natural product, as opposed to the chemical molecules that generally cause increased distrust.
Cannabidiol CBD is credited with therapeutic properties. It would be particularly recommended in case of stress, sleeping problems or joint pain. Studies on the subject are still rare. The scientific community nevertheless already recognizes that the various cannabinoids, cannabis light in mind, have effects on the body, without however advancing on the latter.
We also naturally produce substances very similar to the active molecules of cannabis thanks to our endocannabinoid system. Its overall functioning is still relatively unknown but its anti-stress role for the body has been proven. The near future will probably bring the results of long-term studies necessary to accurately quantify the effects of CBD and the doses suitable for therapeutic use.
Effects of cannabidiol on the consumer: what we know
Various studies have been carried out since the 60s on this molecule. They made it possible to prove the effects of CBD on many conditions. In particular, it would reduce:
- Park guide walks sleeping troubles
- Nausea and vomiting, especially related to chemotherapy
- Anxiety attacks
- Weight gain and appetite
- Park guide walks epileptic seizures
- The occurrence of cardiovascular disease
- Skin diseases (acne, Psoriasis)
- Crises in patients with schizophrenia
- Park guide walks osteoarthritis pain and contractures
- Addictions to substances such as alcohol or tobacco
In addition, we now know that CBD plays a major role in relieving so-called neuropathic pain (as opposed to nociceptive pain). These pains are difficult to calm with medication such as paracetamol or morphine.
CBD is therefore a useful molecule for patients with multiple sclerosis or even fibromyalgia. The use of CBD in this type of patient would significantly improve their quality of life. This is why this molecule is part of the composition of Sativex.
The effects of cannabidiol go even further since a study has proven that cannabinoids have an action on the reduction of cancer cells, when CBD and THC are combined.
Cannabis is very controlled in France and in the world, research on the benefits of cannabis molecules (CBD, THC, CBN, CBG, etc.) is progressing slowly. In addition, the negative connotation of cannabis generates a lot of mistrust vis-à-vis the therapeutic properties of its molecules.
CBD legal framework
The issue of CBD legislation comes up consistently when mentioning cannabis-related products. What is certain is that the difference between a legal plant and an illegal plant is not made at the plant level, but in the legal texts, according to purely arbitrary definitions.
For starters, a strict ban legislates the possession and consumption of cannabis for its psychoactive properties. The lack of distance from the properties of the various cannabinoids, however, causes legal uncertainty and French and European law that is not always aligned.
The National Agency for the Safety of Medicines and Health Products (ANSM), for example, considers cannabis as a narcotic, without any distinction whatsoever for its different molecules. On the contrary, a ministerial decree of 2004 and theEuropean Monitoring Center for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) both mention the legality of plants with a THC level not exceeding 0,3%.
However, this text originally made no explicit mention of CBD, hence the hesitation of both consumers and sellers during the proliferation of CBD products in 2018. The marketing of cannabis-derived products in general has also been made more complex. by existence different authorized rates in the main European producing countries (0,2% in Germany, 0,6% in Italy, 1% in Switzerland).
Is consuming cannabidiol CBD legal?
Short answer: yes, it is absolutely legal to consume CBD. Although a certain vagueness persists, the European Parliament, like the MILDECA (Interministerial Mission for the Fight against Drugs and Addictive Behaviors in France) both clearly stated that:
- CBD is legal production, marketing and consumption,
- The THC level set by the EU (0,3%) prevails in France as in the rest of the European Union for the sale of CBD and its derivative products.
The World Health Organization further recommended, at the end of 2017, failure to classify cannabidiol as a controlled substance. It is therefore in no way considered a drug since it is non-narcotic. (Source: WHO)
Can CBD be prescribed by a doctor?
CBD is not a medicine although it is part of the composition of Sativex as an active ingredient. Thus, its use cannot be prescribed by a doctor in France. Considered today as a food supplement, CBD cannot be covered by health insurance or your mutual insurance company.
However, legislation on cannabis molecules (CBD, CBG, CBN, etc.) is evolving rapidly across the world. A first series of experiments is thus being held in France between 2021 and 2023, and will perhaps change the situation.
Buy CBD with confidence
CBD is extracted from hemp. This plant is widely cultivated around the world, as it is used in the textile industry, cosmetics or construction for its insulating properties. Its cultivation is even authorized in Europe if it contains little THC. However, it is regulated and controlled. It is therefore not possible to plant it at home, even for personal use.
To extract CBD, it is therefore necessary to follow the regulations in force. This is why CBD remains a fairly rare product.
To assure our customers that the CBD sold on the CBD shop Weedy.fr respects the legislation in force and contains a legal dose of THC, the products are subject to traceability and rigorous control.
We systematically communicate to you the exact composition of the products and provide you with the results of analyzes carried out by third-party laboratories. So you know exactly what you are buying, with the assurance of a quality cannabidiol product, 100% legal.
What does CBD mean on a product label?
Today, many products indicate in large letters that contain light cannabis. While some also represent cannabis leaves, others look like cosmetic products completely traditional. This has the effect of destabilizing the customer, who is then incapable of distinguishing quality between the two packaging options available to him. This is quite normal since the presence of the word CBD does not mean much in itself.
Generally speaking, this means at least that the oil, cream or other e-liquid contains cannabidiol. It will thus allow the product to benefit from its properties, but does not indicate anything more about the complete composition. In order to ensure legality and quality at all, it is then advisable to turn to the details of its components.
If it is impossible to trace the origin of the plants, the rate of the different cannabinoids present or the mode of production, there is a good chance that the quality will not be there. Worse still, the legality is not assured since THC is notably a prohibited molecule.
It is therefore recommended to always inquire about the components of a CBD product, regardless of the virtues touted by its dealer. Not everything can always be indicated on the bottle, the producer must however be able to provide additional information if needed. You now know everything about the definition of CBD and what CBD means on packaging.
Use of CBD
Different areas benefit from the use of CBD. In terms of well-being, it aims to relieve tremors or reduce sleep disturbances. In the sport, it anticipates and prevents post-workout pain. It is, moreover, by definition, not a doping product and is missing from the list products considered doping by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA).
Its mode of use has no rule but the choice made will influence the desired effect. The best known job isinhalation, allowing rapid effects through the use of an electronic cigarette or by breathingsprayable CBD oil. Other methods of taking exist, by ingestion for example (milder but a little slower) or by local application (balms, creams, lotions).
In order to benefit all types of people from the effects of cannabidiol, the molecule has been available in various consumer products. Nowadays, CBD can thus be consumed in various forms:
- CBD oils : to ingest or apply to the skin
- CBD herbal teas : to consume, used for relaxation
- capsules : to be taken as a dietary supplement
- CBD e-liquids and CBD in electronic cigarettes: with various flavors and dosages
- CBD crystals : to ingest, diluted in a drink, a dish or to let dissolve under the tongue
- CBD Cosmetics : to apply on the skin, to fight against psoriasis or acne
- CBD Flowers: in scent, infusion or in cooking (with our mix crumbs)
CBD therefore has a bright future ahead of it. The research in progress could moreover make it possible to better understand it and democratize its use. They should also be accompanied by the marketing of products that are even better suited to consumers' needs and easier to dose.
Tips for using CBD
The beneficial effect of cannabidiol occurs thanks to its lipid solubility, because it scrambles the signals from the nerve cells responsible in particular for pain or stress. To fully benefit from the effects of CBD, it is better to mix this molecule with liquids with high fat content such as oil.
This is why the use of cannabidiol in the form of oils, creams or e-liquids is ideal. Of course, consumption in its pure form for infusions for example is also advised.
You now know the definition of CBD down to the smallest detail. The team of Weedy.fr remains at your disposal for any further questions and will be happy to advise you. the CBD-rich product best suited to your needs.